Parshuram Jayanti is celebrated to honor the birth anniversary of Maharishi Parshuram, who is considered to be the 6th avatar of Lord Vishnu in the Hindu mythology.
Parshuram Jayanti 2020 Time and date:
In 2020, Parshuram Jayanti will be celebrated on 25th April, on Tritiya of Shukla paksha. Lord Parshuram was born on Vaishakh Shukla Tritiya which is why this day is celebrated as Lord Parshuram Jayanti.
In the states of Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Haryana, it is celebrated in 2020 on 25 April, Saturday. In the states of Punjab and Madhya Pradesh, it is celebrated on 26 April, Sunday, in 2020.
Parshuram who is well versed with the four Vedas and sports the bow and arrow upon His back (that is the one who has the radiance of both the Brahman (scholar) and the Kshatriya (warrior) will destroy evildoers either with a curse or with an arrow.
The fact about the sixth avatar of Lord Vishnu, not much is known about Lord Parashurama, except that he killed all Kshatriya kings and also cut off the head of his mother. On this Parashurama Jayanti, let’s learn more about the god who was born as Ramachandra.
Parshuram Jayanti born history:
The history according to Bhagvat, Parshuram was born on this day to destroy the kings of the Haideya dynasty. He was born on the day of Akshaya Tritiya, Vaishakh Shukla Tritiya, which is also celebrated as the day of his birth. Parshuram was the fifth son of Jamdagni and Renuka. He had four elder brothers: Rumanvant, Sushen, Vishwa, and Vishwavasu.
According to Hari Vansh Purana, there was a city named Mahishmati Nagri in ancient times. This city was ruled by the Haiheya dynasty’s Kartaveerya Arjun (Sahastra Bahu). He was a cruel king.
Goddess Earth went to Lord Vishnu because she was distressed by the Kshatriyas. She asked for his help. Lord Vishnu promised her that he would be born as a son to Jamdagni in order to destroy the kingdom of Kshatriyas. Lord Vishnu Incarnated as Parshuram and defeated the kings.
Parshuram killed Arjun and freed the Earth of Kshatriyas 21 times thereon. He filled five ponds in Samantpanchak district with their blood. Saint Trichik asked Parshuram to stop doing this. Hence, he gifted the Earth to Saint Kashyap and started living on Mahendra Parvat. Observing fasts and other religious works have been the trademarks of this day for centuries.
According to beliefs, he defeated Kshatriyas a number of times. He was born to free the world of Kshatriyas’ pride. Dronacharya was taught by Parshuram.
Life History Parshuram Jayanti:
Believes of Hindu religion; said that Lord Parashurama still resides in the Mahendragiri mountains which are located in present-day Odisha. There are other lands associated with Parashurama as well.
अश्वत्थामा बलि र्व्यासो हनुमांश्च बिभीषणः ।कृपः परशुरामश्च सप्तैते चिरजीविनः ॥
Ashwatthama Bali Vyaso Hanumanashcha Vibhishana, Kripa Parashuramashcha Saptaito Chiranjivinam
Rishi Vyasa, Lord Hanuman, Vibhishana, Mahabali, Ashwatthama, Kripacharya, and Lord Parashurama are the seven beings that were given the boon of being immortal.
Legends say that once Lord Parashurama threw his battle ax into the sea. The power of the ax was such that the whole western coast started to rise because of that. That region is the present-day Malabar Konkan coast.
The area of Goa (Gomantak) was reclaimed from the sea with the help of Parashurama. This is why this Konkan region is called as Parashurama Bhumi or Kshetra. There is a temple dedicated to Lord Parashurama in South Goa as well.
The History of the Parasuram:
He beheaded his mother. But there’s a symbolism of righteousness and following the direction of your master that one can learn from it. Devi Rukmini was considered a powerful being because of her devotion to her husband.
It is said that she had the power to bake a pot from the river sand, in which she would collect water every day for her husband’s daily rituals. One day, while going towards the river, she saw the reflection of a beautiful celestial being.
He beheaded his mother. But there’s a symbolism of righteousness and following the direction of your master that one can learn from it. Devi Rukmini was considered a powerful being because of her devotion to her husband. It is said that she had the power to bake a pot from the river sand, in which she would collect water every day for her husband’s daily rituals.
One day, while going towards the river, she saw the reflection of a beautiful celestial being (Gandharva) and lost her balance in the water. Because of that, she lost the power of making the pot and couldn’t collect the water.
Sage Jamadagni got to know of this via his intuition and ordered his sons to behead their mother. When the other two sons refused, he turned them into stone. When Jamadagni turned to Lord Parashurama, he beheaded his mother with his ax.
Sage Jamadagni was pleased with Parashurama’s righteousness and asked him for two boons. Lord Parashurama asked his father to restore the lives of his mother and brothers and Sage Jamadagni granted him that.
The legend says that the act of beheading his own mother was so heinous that the ax got stuck to Parashurama’s hand. Even after Rukmini came back to life, the ax remained stuck in his hand. The sages in that time advised him that he needed to cleanse off the heinous deed by washing his hands in the Lohit River.
Parashurama walked to the Lohit River, located in present-day Arunachal Pradesh, and washed his hands at the river bank. As soon as he touched the water, the ax got detached from his hands. Because of this, the site became a place of worship and since came to be known as the Parashurama Kund.
As you can see, the geographical spread of Parashurama’s legends spread from North-East India over to the western coast.
Icon: Parshuram means Rama with an ax, a weapon that symbolizes truth, courage, and the destruction of vanity.
Myths of Parasuram Jayanti:
In the Mahabharata, he serving as a mentor to Bhishma, Drona, and Karna teaching weapon arts and helping key warriors on both sides of the war. In the regional literature of Kerala, he is the founder of the land, the one who brought it out of the sea and settled a Hindu community there.
He is also known as Rama Jamadagnya and Rama Bhargava in some Hindu texts. Parashurama retired in the Mahendra Mountains, according to the Bhagavata Purana. He is the only Vishnu avatar who never dies, never returns to abstract Vishnu, and lives in meditative retirement.
Further, he is the only Vishnu avatar that co-exists with other Vishnu avatars Rama and Krishna in some versions of the Ramayana and Mahabharata respectively.